PDF The Estate Were In: Whos Driving Car Culture?

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If you drive fast then by the time you alert anyone by blowing the horn you would have done the damage. Good brakes and an alert mind avoid accidents, not honking. Good drivers don't need a horn I thought I was drawing broad conclusions from my limited experience, so I asked my colleague in the air pollution unit they deal a lot with transport if there were studies on honking in Delhi. In the first half of the 20th century he had designed traffic plans for London, Paris and New York. An American with a very European penchant for order, he was responsible for several innovations in road safety and regulations, all that we now count as the basics of traffic planning.

So how did the Father of traffic safety view horn honking? In the s, Eno campaigned relentlessly against tooting. Mussolini listened to him. So did Paris, London, several other European cities and finally New York by forbidding sound signal in parts of the city. According to his observation, suppression of motor horns did not increase accidents, but reduced them.

I can vouch for this. I have become more attentive when behind the wheel. But why do people honk so much? I do not mind people talking to each other on the road or gently tapping on the horn once in a while. After all, there is a difference between the good-natured beep-beep and the impatient, incessant blare. Explanations are plenty, from aggression to the urge to communicate. In India, people honk not just to complain about bad driving by others or to get the person ahead to get off the cell phone when the signal has turned green. They honk not just to get ahead of others.

They honk to announce their presence on the road. I think it is cultural mismatch. Maybe they are the misfits of the automobile age, leaning on the horn. No, I am not giving aggressive tooters the benefit of the doubt. They would be misfits in any age. People have written honkus—haiku poems on honking—in frustration. Aaron Naparstek, living in Brooklyn borough of New York, had had enough of cars honking beneath his window. So one day he found himself pelting eggs on one pesky honker.

He began writing honkus and pasting them on lampposts. The modern designs and acceleration abilities were getting more and more amazing every year. After all, the 50s gave birth to the Corvette. It was announced that air conditioners would be available as optional equipment on three cars. Power steering had its use extended to five cars. Share your love for Cars in the s.

Cars in the s: History, Pictures, Facts & More

The wrap-around window was a nice look though. Many striking design changes were made to the models. And for the first time in history, the US imported more cars than they exported. The automobile industry in the United States established in a new all-time production record for the second successive year.

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Total production was 7,, vehicles. A mild form of this control, requiring a one-third down payment with the balance to be paid within 21 months three months longer than the wartime version was restored in September. Just how strong the demand was in each of these cases had yet to be established. Not convertible in the true sense of the word, these cars embodied the racy lines of a convertible while retaining a fixed steel top. This body style was extended to include four-door sedans in models. About half of the models offered hardtop styling. In other respects the designing differed only slightly from that of , since most manufacturers had provided new designing for their models.

The majority of the changes were cosmetic. There was a spectacular increase in the number of automatic transmissions offered and sold during It was estimated that well over 1.


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Many factors hindered production in the motor industry during , the longest stoppage being caused by the nation-wide steel strike in June and July. The job of stepping up defense production while maintaining a profitable level of civilian output was continued in Shortage of materials was the greatest production problem of the industry. Copper and steel headed the list of scarce materials, with aluminium running a close second.

It was announced that air-conditioners would be available as optional equipment on at least three cars. Power steering, found on only one automobile, had its use extended to five cars. Brought out in , power braking was available on two models in Advertisement Automatic transmissions were introduced on one line of delivery vehicles. Prices on new cars climbed in , but taxes rose even higher. The possibilities of mass producing an American sports car were investigated by two manufacturers, the Packard Motor Car company and Buick Motor Division.

Both companies showed their versions. While immediate production was not scheduled for either model, the producers exhibited the sports cars to test public reaction and to determine the possible extent of the market for such an automobile. Chevy also made a concept sports car that later had some success.

Celebrating the 'woodie' station wagon in US car culture

They called this new car a Corvette. After two years of shortages and restriction, the U. Materials shortages, although getting much better in , had inspired new ways to make car bodies. The sport has become so popular in recent years that there are indoor facilities located in major metropolitan areas. The group racing at Grattan is an "enduro" short for endurance series, holding races that are long in time and distance compared to other races.


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  8. These groups race vehicles that are tiny, but are often powered by more sophisticated engines and have transmissions. These karts will reach speeds in excess of miles per hour and often race at large tracks like Grattan. Sports car races are of two types. Several organizations devoted to sanctioning and staging races have sprung up. As it has with other racing venues and personalities, the SCCA has had a long but occasionally tempestuous relationship with Grattan Raceway and E.

    A newspaper story dated in discusses an SCCA national that race was closed to spectators after a dispute over who would pay for insurance against claims by injured spectators. When he was stopped by one of the sons, he asserted that the SCCA didn't pay for gasoline, that gasoline was always part of the package. When told about that, E. The SCCA started paying for gasoline. Faasen has exercised his right of eminent domain for the benefit of others on occasion.

    This past year, a vintage racer died at Grattan.

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    His car simply went off the end of the straightaway without any sign of an attempt to slow or stop. The driver, a man in his sixties, had been only recently been cleared after heart surgery to return to racing. He was dead when the corner workers reached the car and it was later determined he had suffered a heart attack.

    The man's family was with him - his son, driving in the same race, saw him go off the track. When the local press arrived with a camera truck E. The car had been moved and there was nothing to see by the time the press was admitted. Dignified reports appeared later in the newspapers. Grattan is still a family business. Son Kurt lives on the grounds, upstairs from the registration building at the entrance to the property and son Sam lives just down Lessiter road. Sam schedules events. Kurt runs the food service. Grattan is famous among Midwestern road racing people for the Saturday night "pig roasts", where the food is plentiful and a keg of beer is always on tap.

    No half cooked brats or warm beer. It usually consists of chicken, beef, and pork, sauerkraut with sausage, meatballs, fresh rolls, baked potatoes, potato salad, macaroni salad, Cole slaw, corn, beer, pop and wine coolers.


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    If you leave hungry, it's your own fault. Daughter Terri runs the food concession during events where breakfast and lunch is available for moderate prices.

    Sons Max and Donald have worked at the track part time during events and Mary still helps with the business affairs and everyone helps with maintenance as needed. Grand children help in the concessions when visiting during an event.